Fundamentals of Water-Based Condensational Growth

Hering, SV; Stolzenburg, MR , A method for particle size amplification by water condensation in a laminar, thermally diffusive flow , Aerosol Science and Technology, 39 (5): 428-436 (2005)

Lewis, G. S. and Hering, S. V. Minimizing concentration effects in water-based, laminar-flow condensation particle counters, Aerosol Science and Technology, DOI 10.1080/02786826.2013.779629, 2013.

Hering, S. V., Spielman, S. R., Lewis, G. L. Moderated, water-based condensational growth of particles in a laminar flow. Aerosol Science and Technology 48:401-40, 2014

Water-Based Condensation Particle Counters


Sub-2nm detection
Hering, S. V., Lewis, G. S., Spielman, S. R., Eiguren-Fernandez, A., Kreisberg, N. M., Kuang, C., & Attoui, M. (2017). Detection near 1-nm with a laminar-flow, water-based condensation particle counter. Aerosol Science and Technology, 51:354-362

Kangasluoma, Juha, Susanne Hering, David Picard, Gregory Lewis, Joonas Enroth, Frans Korhonen, Markku Kulmala, Karine Sellegri, Michel Attoui, and Tuukka Petäjä. (2017) “Characterization of three new condensation particle counters for sub-3 nm particle detection during the Helsinki CPC workshop: the ADI versatile water CPC, TSI 3777 nano enhancer and boosted TSI 3010.” Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 10, no. 6: 2271.

WCPCs sold though TSI Inc.

Hering, SV; Stolzenburg, MR; Quant, FR; Oberreit DR., Keady, PB., A laminar-flow, water-based condensation particle counter (WCPC) , Aerosol Science and Technology, 39 (7): 659-672 Jul 2005 (2005)

Iida, K, Stolzenburg, MR, McMurry PH, Smith JN, Quant FR, Oberreit DR, Keady PB, Eiguren-Fenandez A, Lewis GS, Kreisberg NM, Hering SV, An ultrafine water-based condensation particle counter and its evaluation under field conditions, Aerosol Science and Technology 42(10) 862-871 (2008)

Preble, C. V., Dallmann, T. R., Kreisberg, N. M., Hering, S. V., Harley, R. A., & Kirchstetter, T. W. (2015). Effects of particle filters and selective catalytic reduction on heavy-duty diesel drayage truck emissions at the port of Oakland. Environmental science & technology, 49(14), 8864-8871.

Condensation-Based Particle Collectors

For chemical analysis

Eiguren Fernandez, A. Lewis, G. S., Hering, S.V. Design and Laboratory Evaluation of a Sequential Spot Sampler for Time-Resolved Measurement of Airborne Particle Composition, DOI: 10.1080/02786826.2014.911409, Aerosol Science and Technology, 48:655–663, 2014

Eiguren-Fernandez, A., Lewis, G. S., Spielman, S. R., & Hering, S. V. Time-resolved characterization of particle associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using a newly-developed sequential spot sampler with automated extraction and analysis. Atmospheric Environment, 96, 125-134, 2014.

Hecobian, A., Evanoski-Cole, A., Eiguren-Fernandez, A., Sullivan, A.P., Lewis, G.S., Hering, S.V. and Collett Jr, J.L., 2016. Evaluation of the Sequential Spot Sampler (S3) for time-resolved measurement of PM 2.5 sulfate and nitrate through lab and field measurements. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9(2), pp.525-533.

Eiguren-Fernandez, A. Kreisberg, N., Hering (2017), S. An online monitor of the oxidative capacity of aerosols (o-MOCA) Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 10, 633-644.

BioAerosol Collection and Biological Applications

Pan M, Eiguren-Fernandez A, Hsieh H, Afshar‐Mohajer N, Hering SV, Lednicky J, Fan ZH, Wu CY. (2016) Efficient Collection of Viable Virus Aerosol through Laminar‐Flow, Water‐Based Condensational Particle Growth. Journal of applied microbiology. 120, 805-815

Lednicky, J., Pan, M., Loeb, J., Hsieh, H., Eiguren-Fernandez, A., Hering, S.,Fan, H. & Wu, C. Y. (2016). Highly efficient collection of infectious pandemic influenza H1N1 virus (2009) through laminar-flow water based condensation. Aerosol Science and Technology, 50(7), i-iv.

Jiang, X., Pan, M., Hering, S. V., Lednicky, J., Wu, C. Y., & Fan, Z. H. (2016). Use of RNA Amplification and Electrophoresis for Studying Virus Aerosol Collection Efficiency and Their Comparison with Plaque Assays. Electrophoresis.

Walls, H. J., Ensor, D. S., Harvey, L. A., Kim, J. H., Chartier, R. T., Hering, S. V., Spielman, S. R.& Lewis, G. S. (2016). Generation and sampling of nanoscale infectious viral aerosols. Aerosol Science and Technology, 802-811.

Benner, W. H., Lewis G.S, Hering, S.V., Selgelke B., Corzett, M, Evans J.E, and Lightstone, F.C., Re-Electrospraying Splash-Landed Proteins and Nanoparticles, Analytical Chemistry, 84: 2498–2504, 2012.

TAG Instrument Development

(for publications on the numerous field studies involving TAG see the Goldstein Group website: )

Williams, BJ; Goldstein, AH; Kreisberg, NM; et al. , An in-situ instrument for speciated organic composition of atmospheric aerosols: Thermal Desorption Aerosol GC/MS-FID (TAG) , Aerosol Science and Technology, 40 (8): 627-638 (2006)

Goldstein, AH, Worton, DR, Williams, BJ, Hering, SV, Kreisberg, NM, Panic, O., Goreckic, T, Thermal desorption aerosol comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatographic resolution for in-situ measurements of organic aerosols. Journal of Chromatography A. doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2007.09.094 (2007)

Kreisberg NM, Hering SV, Worton, DR, Williams B, Goldstein A, Quantitation of hourly organic speciation of atmospheric aerosols by thermal desorption aerosol GC/MS (TAG), Aerosol Science and Technology, 43:38-52 (2009).

Lambe, A.T., Chacon-Madrid, H.J., Nguyen, N.T., Weitkamp, E.A., Kreisberg, N.M., Hering, S.V., Goldstein, A.H., Donahue, N.M. and Robinson, A.L., Organic aerosol speciation: Intercomparison of thermal desorption aerosol GC/MS (TAG) and filter-based techniques. Aerosol Science and Technology, 44(2), pp.141-151, 2010.

Isaacman G, Kreisberg NM , Worton DM, Hering SV and Goldstein AH, A versatile and reproducible automatic injection system for liquid standard introduction: application to in-situ calibration, Atmospheric Measurement Technology, 4, 1937-1942, 2011

Worton, DR, Kreisberg NM, Isaacman G, Teng AP, McNeish C, Gorecki T, Hering SV, and Goldstein AH, Thermal desorption comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography: an improved instrument for in-situ speciated measurements of organic aerosols, Aerosol Science and Technology, 46:380–393, 2012

Zhao Y, Kerisberg NM, Worton DR, Teng AP, Hering SV, et al. Development of an In-situ Thermal Desorption Gas Chromatography Instrument for Quantifying Atmospheric Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds. Aerosol Science and Technology. 2013; 47(30):258-266.    

Kreisberg NM, Worton DR, Zhao Y, Isaacman G, Goldstein AH, et al. Development of an automated high-temperature valveless injection system for online gas chromatography. Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2014; 7:4431-4444.    

Isaacman G, Kreisberg NM, Yee LD, Worton DR, Chan WH, et al. Online derivatization for hourly measurements of gas- and particle-phase semi-volatile oxygenated organic compounds by thermal desorption aerosol gas chromatography (SV-TAG). Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2014; 7:4417-4429.    

Williams, B.J., Jayne, J.T., Lambe, A.T., Hohaus, T., Kimmel, J.R., Sueper, D., Brooks, W., Williams, L.R., Trimborn, A.M., Martinez, R.E. and Hayes, P.L., The First Combined Thermal Desorption Aerosol Gas Chromatograph—Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (TAG-AMS). Aerosol Science and Technology, 48(4), pp.358-370, 2014.

Isaacman-VanWertz, G., Yee, L. D., Kreisberg, N. M., Wernis, R., Moss, J. A., Hering, S. V., … & Hu, W. (2016). Ambient gas-particle partitioning of tracers for biogenic oxidation. Environmental Science & Technology, 50(18), 9952-9962.